Team:Toulouse/Notebook/Protocols

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Revision as of 16:43, 28 September 2014


Cloning Show more

Time Lab equipment
2 days Competent cells, BioBricks transformed, Miniprep kit, restriction enzymes, agarose gel (1 or 2%), waterbath, T4 DNA ligase, Eppendorf tubes

After taking the competent cells, transforming the Biobricks and making the miniprep, make the digestion mix.


BOTH PARTS HAVE THE SAME ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
1) Digestion mix
- 10 µL of miniprep plasmid
- 2 µL of each restriction enzymes
- 2 µL of Green Buffer
- 6 µL of water
 Incubate 15 minutes at 37°C

2) Make an electrophoresis
- Prepare 1% of 2% electrophoresis agarose gel with 0.5x TAE buffer
- Put 20µL of sample + 6µL of marker (1kb for 1% gel and 100pb for 2%) into the well
- Migration 30 min at 100V
- The revelation is made in BET (10minutes) and then 5minutes in water

3) Gel extraction with Thermofisher kit
- Remove quickly under UV the DNA fragment from BET to avoid any kind of mutation. Place the fragment in a 1.5mL Eppendorf tube. Make sure to excise as close as possible from the fragment. Take a picture under UV before and after the excision.
- Add 200µL of extraction buffer and mix everything
- Incubate 10-15 minutes at 50-58°C until the gel is dissolved completely.
- Add 200µL of ethanol and mix
- Transfer into a column tube and centrifuge 1minute at 14 000 g and remove the liquid
- Add 200µL of Prewash buffer and centrifuge 1minute at 14 000 g and remove the liquid
- Add 700µL of Wash Buffer and centrifuge 1minute at 14 000 g and remove the liquid. Repeat this step twice.
- Centrifuge the tubes without any liquid 1minute at 14 000 g - Transfer the column in another 1.5mL Eppendorf tube
- Add 10µL of Elution Buffer and centrifuge 1minute at 14000 g - Remove the column and keep the tubes at -20°C


THE TWO PARTS HAVE A DIFFERENT ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
1') Digestion mix
- 2 µL of miniprep plasmid
- 1 µL of each restriction enzymes
- 2 µL of Green Buffer
- 14 µL of water
 Incubate 15 minutes at 37°C


2') To inactivate the enzymes, use a PCR clean up kit or a heat inactivation treatment at 95°C for 10min


3') Proceed to the ligation



4) Ligation
- Mix 8µL of insert + 2µL of vector + 2µL of 10x T4 buffer +0.5µL of T4 ligase +H20 qsp 20µL
A control without insert must be made
- Incubate 10 minutes at room temperature (22°C) and keep the tubes in ice or at -20°C to prepare the transformation

5) Transformation
- Take 5µL of the ligation mix for 50µL of competent cells and use the transformation protocol.
- Plate the mix on selective medium overnight

6) Colony PCR
- Take a colony and add 0.5µL of plasmid + 25µL of DreamTAQ MasterMix + 5µL of 10µM primer + H20 qsp 50µL.
- Look for the number of necessary cycles and the proper temperature thanks to AmplifX or Serial Cloner 2.1 softwares.

7) Analytic digestion
- Put a colony in 5mL of LB selective medium and wait for 6 hours
- Make a purification thanks to the Miniprep kit
- Mix 5µL of plasmid + 1µL of Fast Digest Green Buffer + 0.3µL of each enzyme + water qsp 10µL
- Wait 45minutes at 37°C and put the mix on a 1% or 2% gel


B. subtilis transformation Show more

Day 0

- Streak out the Bacillus strain and plate this on an LB agar plate overnight at 37°C

Day 1

- Pick up a nice big colony and drop it in 2 ml of completed 1x MC
- Grow at 37°C for 5 hours
- Mix 400 µl of culture in a fresh tube ( tubes loosely closed – aeration) and put 6µL of DNA linearized with 1µL of ScaI restriction enzyme
- Grow the cells at 37°C for an additional 2 hours
- Spread the complete 400 µl reaction mix on selective antibiotic plates, and incubate at 37°C overnight

Preparation of solutions


300 mM Tri-Na Citrate:

- 0.88 g Tri-Na Citrate
- 10mL MQ water


Ferric NH4 citrate:

- 0.22g Ferric NH4
- 10mL MQ water


10x Competence Medium

For 10mL:
- 1.40g K2HPO4
- 0.52g KH2PO4
- 2g glucose
- 1 mL 300 mM Tri-Na citrate
- 0.1 mL Ferric NH4 citrate
- 0.1g Casein Hydrolysate
- 0.2 g Potassium glutamate
The complete mixture should be dissolved in 10 ml. First add 5 ml milliQ water and mix. When everything is dissolved add MQ water till 10 ml. Filter sterilize the complete mixture and store at -20°C.


1x Competence Medium

- 1.8 mL MQ water
- 200 µL 10x Competence Medium solution (previously filter sterilized)
- 6.7 µL 1M MgSO4 (previously autoclaved)
- 10 µL 1% tryptophan (previously filter sterilized and stored in aluminium foil)
The complete mixture should be dissolved in 100 ml. First add 50 ml milliQ water and mix. When everything is dissolved add MQ water till 100 ml. Filter sterilize the complete mixture and store at -20°C.


Tests Show more


Plasmid integration test in Bacillus subtilis
Test of the plasmid integration in Bacillus subtilis genome on the threonine site:
- Plate the transformed Bacillus strain on a selective medium overnight
- The obtained clones are then plated on different media: MC(Thr+), MC (Thr-) and LB. These media are equivalent to the ones used for the competence. But in MC(thr-), the casein hydrosylate is not inserted and replaced by NH4Cl (same amount), threonine is added (5mg/ml). (for the complete protocol, see transformation > B. subtilis) NB : These media are equivalent to the ones used for the competence except that :
- For MC(thr-), the casein hydrosylate is not inserted and replaced by NH4Cl (same amount), threonine is added (5mg/ml). (for the complete protocol, see transformation > B. subtilis)
-For 500ml of medium :
-- 450 ml Water
- 7,5g agar
-1,7 ml MgSO4 (1M)
-Autoclave
-Add 50ml of 10X MC (+/- thr) and 2.5ml of tryptophane (1%)

Binding test


CBB (Chitin Binding Buffer):

- 500 mM NaCl
- 20 mM Tris-HCl
- 1 mM EDTA
- 0,05% Triton X-100, 25°C, pH=8


Column activation:

- Vortex the beads
- Put 50 µL of beads in a 1.5mL centrifuge tube
- Wash with 500 µL of CBB
- Put the centrifuge tube on a magnetic rack
- Wait 30 seconds
- Remove supernatant
- Repeat the wash


Bacterial fixation on the chitin beads:

- Add 200 µL of bacteria solution (105 bactéria/mL)to the washed beads
- Shake during 1h at 4°C
- Add 500 µL of CBB (washing A)
- Put the centrifuge tube on a magnetic rack
- Wait 30 seconds
- Remove supernatant
- Add 500 µL of CBB (washing B)
- Put the centrifuge tube on a magnetic rack
- Wait 30 seconds
- Remove supernatant
- Add 500 µL of CBB to recover the beads directly


Bacteria count:

- Make different dilutions : 10-1, 10-3, 10-5 of the first bacterial culture and spread on LA plates
- Make different dilutions : 1, 10-2, 10-4 of washings (A and B) and of the beads in CBB medium and spread on LA plates
- Place the plates at 37°C overnight
- Count colonies on different plates

Fungicide test: anti-fungal activities

Time Lab equipment Preparation of media
2 days Petri dishes with PDA ¼ medium, fungus, Eppendorf tube, sterile water, parafilm, Thoma cell, overnight culture of SubtiTree, tips to make the holes, LB + agar PDA ¼ medium : 2.25 g Agar + 1.95 g PDA (39mg/mL) then complete with 200 mL of water  autoclave

1- Counting conidia
/!\ SAFETY : under the biosefty cabinet /!\
- In order to plate an exact number of conidia on PDA plate, first count the conidia  Place a drop of Tween 80 on the fungal plate, let stand (make it roll if possible) and take back the drop in a sterile Eppendorf tube filled with 1ml of water.
- Mix and vortex.
- Place a drop of the mixture in a Thoma cell and count the number of conidia.
NB: You should count at least 5 squares (made of 4x4 squares, marked number 2 below:) and make an average. Multiply this number by 250.000 and you get the number of conodia per ml.
- Make dilutions of the solution in order to get the right amount of conidia in each plate: 25.000 /plate and 5000 plate
NB: As we want to spread 200µl per plate you have to get a final concentration of 125.103 conidia / ml (and 25 000 conidia /ml, just make a dilution of the first solution to get this one).
- Spread on the PDA plate 200 µl of the conidial suspension.

2- Bacterial plugs
- Make 2 holes in each PDA plates with a sterile blue tip.
- Centrifuge 2ml of an overnight culture of SubtiTree.
- Resuspend the pellet in 1ml of LA (less to increase the concentration if you have less tests to perform)
- Pipet 200µl of the mixture in the hole previously made
 200µl / fungi / concentration of conidia (4 conditions are tested : Asp 25000, Asp 5000, Glo 25000 and glo 5000)
/!\ Add the LA at the very last minute, just before putting the mixture in the holes to avoid the solidification/!\
- Place the plates at 30° after putting parafilm around them
- Do not forget to test the WT and the copper sulphate!

3- Clean everything
- Decontaminate the biosafety cabinet (and everything inside) and let the disinfectant into the biosafety cabinet during 30 minutes!!

Chemotaxis test

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