Team:EPF Lausanne/Notebook/Yeast

From 2014.igem.org

Final constructs and primers design

08-01-2014

15.07.14-01.08.14

 

Final constructs and primers design

 

After several weeks of brainstorming, doubts and research, we finally have all our primers for the PCRs required to assemble our different constructs. 

Our design is summarized in the table below. You can also download our primers sequences here.

 

 

 

 

 

Extraction of Renilla Luciferase and Split Renilla Luciferase from Waldor's plasmids

08-07-2014

07.08.14

 

PCR of - RLuc + addition of hog1 flanking sequence H1- RLuc + addition of pbs2 flanking sequence P1 - split RLucN + pbs2 flanking sequence P2 - split RLucC + hog1 flanking sequence H2

 

 

1 Experiment 1: First try

 

1.1Material and methods

Master Mix

5x phusion GC buffer 85 μL

10mM dNTPs 8,5 μL

Phusion polymerase 4,25 μL

 

Reaction:

 

H1

H2

P1

P2

Master Mix

11,5

11,5

11,5

11,5

Forward primer 10mM

2.5

2,5

2,5

2,5

Reverse primer

10mM

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,5

Template pRLuc ou pRLucNRLucC

0.21

0,2

0,21

0,2

Nuclease Free Water

33.32

33,33

33,33

33,33

 

PCR programs: H1, H2 HLuc1, P1, P2 PLuc1

 

1.2Results

1.2.1Data

 

 

 

 

1.2.2Interpretation

It didn't work so we tried it a second time.

 

 

2 Experiment 2: Second try

 

2.1Material and methods

Master Mix

5x phusion GC buffer 85 μL

10mM dNTPs 8,5 μL

Phusion polymerase 4,25 μL

 

Remark: We added more template to the reaction: 3 μL (60ng/μL solution).

 

 

H1

H2

P1

P2

Master Mix

11,5

11,5

11,5

11,5

Forward primer 10mM

2.5

2,5

2,5

2,5

Reverse primer

10mM

2,5

2,5

2,5

2,5

Template pRLuc ou pRLucNRLucC

3

3

3

3

Nuclease Free Water

30,75

30,75

30,75

30,75

 

1.2Results

1.2.1Data

 

2.2.2Interpretation

Only one PCR worked: the C terminal part of the split renilla luciferase was successfully amplified.

Expected amplicons size: 695 bp

Nanodrop after purification: 89,2 ng/μL

Note: three tubes exploded

 

What we have: RLuc + hog1 flanking sequences

http://2014.igem.org/wiki/images/2/25/Hog.JPG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gradient PCR of problematic sequences

08-08-2014

08.08.14

 

 

Gradient PCR of - RLuc + addition of hog1 flanking sequence H1    - RLuc + addition of pbs2 flanking sequence P1   - split RLucN + pbs2 flanking sequence P2

  

1.Material and methods

 

 

Since we had some trouble with our PCRs and our primers are quite long we decided to try a gradient PCR.

Master Mix

GC buffer 250μL

dNTPs 25μL

Phusion 12,5μL

 

Reaction

 

H1

P1

P2

Master Mix

11,5

11,5

11,5

Forward primers 10mM

2,5

2,5

2,5

Reverse primers 10mM

2,5

2,5

2,5

Template pRLuc

0,6

0,6

0,6

Water

33

33

33

 

Temperature gradient:

H1 64à72°C

P1, P2 55à63°C

 

We also increase the extension time: 30secondesà1min30seconds!

We used the Invitrogen 1kb Plus DNA Ladder. In each well of a 1% agarose gel, we loaded 8.8ul Nuclease free Water, 2ul of PCR products or Ladder and 1.2ul 10X Loading Blue Dye. The electrophoresis ran 40 minutes at 120V.

 

 

2.Results

H1

We purified two PCR samples for each experiment and measured their concentration and purity with the Nanodrop.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Extraction of yeast resistance genes from psfGFPkan and psfGFPUra plasmids

08-12-2014

 12.08.14

 

 

1. Experiment 1:

PCR of - sfGFP+hog1 flanking sequence H4 - split sfGFPC+hog1 flanking sequence H5 - URA3+ rLuc overlap H3 - sfGFP+pbs2 flanking sequence P3 - split sfGFPN+pbs2 flanking sequence P4 - Kan+ rLuc overlap P5 - Kan+ nLuc overlap P6 - Kan+ sfGFPN overlap P7

(First try)

 

  

 

1.1.Material and methods

 

Template psfGFPURA3 or psfGFPKan

0.6

Forward primer 10mM

2,5

Reverse primer 10mM

2,5

Master Mix (with GC buffer)

11,5

Water

33

 

1.2Results

Results visualized by gel electrophoresis (1% agar, 120V, 40min)

Constructs we should have now:

 

 

2. Experiment 2:

PCR of - sfGFP+hog1 flanking sequence H4 - split sfGFPC+hog1 flanking sequence H5 - URA3+ rLuc overlap H3 - sfGFP+pbs2 flanking sequence P3 - split sfGFPN+pbs2 flanking sequence P4 - Kan+ rLuc overlap P5 - Kan+ nLuc overlap P6 - Kan+ sfGFPN overlap P7

(Second try)

H3, H4, H5 second try: Gradient PCR

Temperature gradient 58°Cà66°C

 

25μL reaction (instead of 50μL)

 

For all reactions:

Template psfGFPURA3

0,6

Forward primer 10mM

1,25

Reverse primer 10mM

1,25

Master Mix (with GC buffer)

5,75

DMSO

0,75

Water

15,4

 

2.2Results

 

 

 

 

Overlap Extension PCRs: test with only one construct

08-14-2014

14.08.14

 

Overlap extension PCR of- rLuc-Hog1+Ura3 H6 PCR ofsplit sfGFPC+hog1 flanking sequence H5

 

Overlap extension PCR

25μL reaction

Template: 1μL (60ng) H1

                  1,7μL (100ng) H3

 

15 cycles with 62°C of annealing temperature

+15 cycles with 62°C of annealing temperature after addition of primers H7 and H1_rv

 

PCR H5

25μL reaction with good primers this time !

 

Results

 

Our first overlap PCR worked!!! :)

 

Overlap Extension PCRs: Final constructs assembly

08-15-2014

15.08.14

 

 

Overlap extension PCR of- Spit LucC-Hog1+Ura3 H7 -split GFP-N+hog1+Kan P8 -rLuc-pbs2+Kan P9 -split rLucN-pbs2+Kan P10 

Extension PCR of Split GFP-C H55 (repeat previous experiment)

 

 

1.Material and methods

 

30μL reactions

Equimolar template ratios: we used 100 ng of the longest template, and estimated the necessary amount of the shortest template with its size.

In μL

Master Mix

Template 1

Template 2 (100ng)

Water

Primers*

P8: P4+P7

5.75

P4: 0.83

P7: 2

16.4

2.5 each (p12/p2)

P9: P1+P5

5.75

P1: 0.53

P5: 1

17.7

2.5 each (p12/p2)

P10: P2+P6

5.75

P2: 0.4

P6: 2

16.9

2.5 each (p12/p2)

H7: H3+H2

5.75

H1: 1

H3: 1.7

15.4

2.5 each (h7/h1.Rv)

 

*Add primers after the first program (after fusion of the templates).

 

Thermocycler programs :

P8,9,10 : 15 cycles at 60°C for overlap, add primers, then 15 cycles at 72°C annealing. Always 2min30 of extension time at 72°C.

 H7: 15 cycles at 62°C for overlap, add primers, then 15 cycles at 62°C annealing. Always 2min30 of extension time at 72°C.

 

2.Results

 

 

Overlap Extension PCRs: Final constructs assembly 2

08-18-2014

18.08.14

 

 

 

1.Experiment: Overlap extension PCR of-split GFP-N+hog1+Kan P8 -rLuc-pbs2+Kan P9 -split rLucN-pbs2+Kan P10

 

 

1.1Material and methods

 

25μL reactions

Equimolar template ratios: we used 200 ng of the longest template, and estimated the necessary amount of the shortest template with its size.

 

In μL

Master Mix (GC buffer)

Template 1

Template 2 (100ng)

Water

Primers*

P8: P4+P7

5.75

P4: 1.6

P7: 4

8.75

2.5 each (p12/p2)

P9: P1+P5

5.75

P1: 1.1

P5: 2

11.2

2.5 each (p12/p2)

P10: P2+P6

5.75

P2: 0.8

P6: 4

9.5

2.5 each (p12/p2)

Duplicates were made

 

*Add primers after the first program (after fusion of the templates).

 

Thermocycler programs : P8,9,10 : 15 cycles at 63°C for overlap, add primers, then 15 cycles at 70°C annealing. Always 2min30 of extension time at 72°C.

 

1.2Results:

 

 

The fusion of all the fragments seems to have proceeded (thanks to 63°C annealing temperature, the primers of the previous PCR that were not washed away could not interfere), but the 70°C temperature chosen for the amplification doesn’t work for P8 and P10. Next time: DMSO duplicates and annealing of 72°C.

It isn’t impossible that 200ng of the largest template is way too high for a 25ul reaction: next time, only 50ng. 

 

 

2.Experiment: Overlap extension PCR of  -split GFP-N+hog1+Kan P8  -split rLucN-pbs2+Kan P10

 

 

2.1Material and methods

 

25μL reactions

Equimolar template ratios: we used 50 ng of the longest template, and estimated the necessary amount of the shortest template with its size.

In μL

Master Mix (GC buffer)

Template 1

Template 2 (100ng)

Water

Primers*

P8: P4+P7

5.75

P4: 2.76

P7: 2

9.49

2.5 each (p12/p2)

P10: P2+P6

5.75

P2: 0.4

P6: 2

11.1

2.5 each (p12/p2)

Duplicates with DMSO were made -> Add 0.75ul DMSO and 0.75ul of water

 

*Add primers after the first program (after fusion of the templates).

 

Thermocycler programs :P8,10 : 15 cycles at 63°C for overlap, add primers, then 15 cycles at 72°C annealing. Always 2min30 of extension time at 72°C.

 

1.2Results:

 

First transformation of yeast cells

08-27-2014

 

 

27.08.14

First yeast transformation

 

1. Material and methods

 

Yeast transformtation and homologous recombination procedure from clontech yeast Handbook (see Protocols)

 

We used a 300mL culture with an OD of 0.588.

We plated all the transformation reaction tubes on selective agar plate.

Expected transformants

 

DNA template

- hogLucUra H10

- pbsLucKan P13

- hogSplitLucUra H11

- psbSplitLucKan P14

- hogGFPUra H4

- pbsGFPKan P11

- hogSplitGFPUra H9

- pbsSplitGFPKan P12

 

Note: for each transformation we use between 1 and 2 microgramms of DNA template (we put the 30microliters of purified PCR products so the exact amount depends on the concentration 50-90ng/μL)

 

 

2.Results

We only obtained plates with pbsGFPKan transformed yeast cells.

Troubleshooting

- not enough DNA template --> we’ll try again with more than 1ng of DNA

- poor quality and purity of our templates : we had some unexpected bands when we loaded our PCRs products and sometimes even smears

- mistakes during the transformation ? It was the first time we tried this protocol

 

 

Digestion+ligation of final constructs into pSB1C3 (Second try )

09-04-2014

 

04.09.14

 

1.Restriction enzyme digestion of linearized pSB1C3 and our constructs (second Try)

 

1.1 Material and methods

 

We prepare the following reaction according to this protocol:

 

Note: digested template amount X2 compare to first try

Note: We let the reaction proceed overnight instead of only 30 minutes (one of our teaching assistant advised us to do so).

 

 

2.Ligation of our constructs into linearized pSB1C3

 

2.1 Material and methods

 

Reaction Mix

 

Note: digested template 3uL (no equimolar amounts between digested plasmid and digested construct)

 

05.09.14

 

3.Transformation of DH5α with our ligation products

 

3.1 Material and methods

 

 

 

Results

We plated the cells and we did obtain many colonies but it was only the background.

We should have made a PCR purification before the ligation it would have reduce the background and we could have isolated the transformants.

 

 

 

Second transformation of yeast cells with our 8 final constructs

09-08-2014

 

 

 

08.09.14-12.09.14

Yeasts Transformation and homologous recombination (second Try)

 

 

 

1.Material and methods

 

Yeast tranformation and homologous recombination procedure from clontech Yeast Handbook (see protocols)

 

We follow the same protocol as the first time but different DNA templates: we improved the PCR conditions and now have our fragments in higher concentrations and they seem quite pure.

 

 

2.Results

 

2.1Data

 

We obtained colonies on all plates corresponding to pbs2 +… constructs!

We inoculated them in selective medium and they grew again.

 

 

2.2Interpretation

 

 We still need to sequence the genomic DNA to be sure that they integrated the right sequences and that no mutation are present but we observed the PBS2GFP cells under the microscope and they do express the PBS2 gen fused to GFP as we can see in previous photo (figure1).

 

Strains we might have:

- Pbs2 GFP Kan

- Pbs2 Luc Kan

- Pbs2 splitGFP Kan

- Pbs2 splitLuc kan

 

Cotransformation of N and C terminal parts of the split GFP and Renilla Luciferase

09-25-2014

 

25.09.14

 

Cotransformation  - split GFP  -split Renilla Luciferase

 

1.Aim

Since we’re starting to run out of time, we’ve decided to try a cotransformation in parallel of the sequential transformations we did previously, one the two methods should give us the expected strains!

 

2.Material and methods

 

  • Yeast transformation and homolgous recombination procedure from clontech Yeast Handbook (see Protocols)

 

DNA Templates:

For the split GFP strain= Pbs2-split_GFP_N-Kan construct + hog1-split_GFP_C-Ura construct

For the split RLuc strain= Pbs2-split_RLuc_N-Kan construct + hog1-split_RLuc_C-Ura construct

Between 1 and 2μg (depending on the purified PCR products concentration, typically 60-100ng/μL) are used to ensure a good efficiency.

 

 

3.Results

 

We plated the transformants on SD Ura- Kan+ plates (our 2 selection markers), here are the results!

We can see several colonies on each of these plates whereas no colony grew on the negative control plate! The transformation seems to have worked well , we now  need to confirm it by testing the splits with plate reader experiments.

 

 

Split GFP stress test

10-07-2014

1 Experiment 1:  split GFP stress test

 

1.1 Material and methods

 

Procedure Generale Plate reader:

  • Culture overnight cells (not necessarily in selective medium) that you will need in the plate reader. Including the positive and negative The OD should be between 0.7 and 1.
  • Centrifuge 5 mL of our cells cultures, throw the medium and resuspend the in approximatly 800μL of PBS
  • Fill the wells with 150 μ If you want to put coelenterazine, add 135μL cell culture resuspended in PBS and 15 μL of the coelenterazine dilluated our expected concentration. If you don’t want to add coelenterazine, just add 150μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS.This you want to stress the cells, add 120μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS, 15μL of coelenterazine and 15μL of stress.

 

 

 

 

 

1-3:

No cells

4-6:

Non transformed

7-9:

PBS2

-GFP

10-12:

split GFP

A: No stress        
B: Glucose 4%        
C: NaCl 0.07M        

Plate Layout ( 135μl of cells in PBS, 15μl of stress tested)

 

Non-transformed cells were grown in YPD, PBS2-GFP cells were grown in YPD supplemented with kanamycin, and split GFP strains were grown in SD-Ura dropout supplemented with kanamycin.

Non-transformed cells and PBS2-GFP cells were autofluorescent, which turned out to be a problem in th medium and a mutation in the ADE genes in the initial strain. Fluorescence normalized by OD600 seemed to drop with time contrarily to split GFP tests.

 

1.2Results

1.2.1Data

figure 1:  Fluorescence of the split GFP strain with different stresses in fonction of the time.

figure 2:  Average fluorescence of the split GFP strain stress by different stresses.

 

 

1.2.2Interpretation

First graph (figure1) shows the fluorescence of the split GFP strain with different stresses, Glucose 2% and NaCl 0.07M. The second graph (figure2) gives the average of the three wells. Fluorescence seems to increase but a Fisher test comparing 3 samples to 3 samples indicate that the difference isn't significant at 95%

 

split Luciferase under stress Test

10-10-2014

1.Experiment 1:  split Luciferase under stress test _ Plate Reader 1

 

1.1 Material and methods

Procedure Generale Plate reader:

  • Culture overnight cells (not necessarily in selective medium) that you will need in the plate reader. Including the positive and negative The OD should be between 0.7 and 1.
  • Centrifuge 5 mL of our cells cultures, throw the medium and resuspend the in approximatly 800μL of PBS
  • Fill the wells with 150 μ If you want to put coelenterazine, add 135μL cell culture resuspended in PBS and 15 μL of the coelenterazine dilluated our expected concentration. If you don’t want to add coelenterazine, just add 150μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS.This you want to stress the cells, add 120μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS, 15μL of coelenterazine and 15μL of stress.

 

 

Cells were all grown in YPD.

 

 

1-3:

NoCells

4-6:

Non-tranformed

7-9:

PBS2-GFP

10-12:

split GFP

A: No stress        
B: Glucose 8%        
C: Glucose 6%        
D: Glucose 4%        
E: NaCl 0.28M        
F: NaCl 0.21M        
G: NaCl 0.1M        
H: NaCl 07M        

 Plate Layout (120μl of cells, 30μl of stress)

 

1.2Results

 

All cells were autofluorescent due to mutation in ADE gene of initial strain and medium.

There were no significant measurements with the different stresses, 3 different concentrations of glucose and 4 different concentrations of NaCl. However, this is not surprising since the signal from our split GFP tag would be covered by the noise.

 

2.Experiment 2:  split Luciferase under stress test _ Plate reader 2

 

2.1 Material and methods

Procedure Generale Plate reader:

  • Culture overnight cells (not necessarily in selective medium) that you will need in the plate reader. Including the positive and negative The OD should be between 0.7 and 1.
  • Centrifuge 5 mL of our cells cultures, throw the medium and resuspend the in approximatly 800μL of PBS
  • Fill the wells with 150 μ If you want to put coelenterazine, add 135μL cell culture resuspended in PBS and 15 μL of the coelenterazine dilluated our expected concentration. If you don’t want to add coelenterazine, just add 150μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS.This you want to stress the cells, add 120μL of cell culture resuspended in PBS, 15μL of coelenterazine and 15μL of stress.

 

Cells were all grown in SD medium with all amino acids

 

 

1-3:

NoCells

4-6:

Non-tranformed

7-9:

PBS2-GFP

10-12:

split GFP

A: No stress        
B: Glucose 8%        
C: Glucose 6%        
D: Glucose 4%        
E: NaCl 0.28M        
F: NaCl 0.21M        
G: NaCl 0.1M        
H: NaCl 07M        

 

Plate Layout (120μl of cells, 30μl of stress)

 

2.2Results

Two plate reader experiments were conducted but the cells still contained a small amount of residual auto fluorescence. However, the PBS2-GFP strain seemed to be more fluorescent than the non-transformed cells. The average in different conditions was always higher but significant in a Fisher test of three and three samples in 5 out of 8 conditions.

 

3.Experiment 3:  split Luciferase under stress test _  plate Reder 3

 

3.1 Material and methods

PLATE READER PROTOCOL

 

Cells were all grown in SD medium with all amino acids

 

 

1-3:

No cells

4-6:

Non-transformed

7-9:

PBS2-GFP

10-12:

split GFP

A: No stress        
B: Glucoise 4%        
C: NaCl 0.07M        

Plate Layout ( 135μl of cells in PBS, 15μl of stress tested) 

3.2Results

3.2.1Data

Figure 1: Luminescence in function of time for cells in presence of coelenterazine 1 μM

Signal-to-noise ratio : 4

 

Figure 2: Luminescence in function of time for cells in presence of coelenterazine 5 μM

Signal-to-noise ratio : 10

Figure 3: Variantion of coelenterazine concentration

 

3.2.2Interpretation

 

Hog-rLuc strain died within the plate. Pbs2-Luc strain showed positive results which correlate with documented values.

Indeed we observed that cells in presence of  coelenterazine have a much higher concentration than cell without coelenterazine. And  the higher the concentration in coelenterazine is the higher the fluorescent signal is.

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